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2020年公共英語二級閱讀理解試題及分析(9)

發布時間:2019年11月25日 09:19:31 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

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【摘要】小編給大家帶來2020年公共英語二級閱讀理解試題及分析(9),希望對大家有所幫助。加入環球網校有專業的老師為您解答問題,還可以和考友一起交流!

PART 1

I work with Volunteers for Wildlife,a rescue and education organization at Bailey Arboretum in Locust Valley.Trying to help injured,displaced or sick creatures can be heartbreaking;survival is never certain.However,when it works,it is simply beautiful.

I got a rescue call from a woman in Muttontown.She had found a young owl(貓頭鷹) on the ground.When I arrived,I saw a 2-to 3-week-old owl.It had already been placed in a carrier for safety.

I examined the chick(雛鳥) and it seemed fine.If I could locate the nest,I might have been able to put it back,but no luck.My next work was to construct a nest and anchor it in a tree.

The homeowner was very helpful.A wire basket was found.I put some pine branches into the basket to make this nest safe and comfortable.I placed the chick in the nest,and it quickly calmed down.

Now all that was needed were the parents,but they were absent.I gave the homeowner a recording of the hunger screams of owl chicks.These advertise the presence of chicks to adults;they might also encourage our chick to start calling as well.I gave the owner as much information as possible and headed home to see what news the night might bring.

A nervous night to be sure,but sometimes the spirits of nature smile on us all!The homeowner called to say that the parents had responded to the recordings.I drove over and saw the chick in the nest looking healthy and active.And it was accompanied in the nest by the greatest sight of all — LUNCH!The parents had done their duty and would probably continue to do so.

1.What is unavoidable in the author’s rescue work according to paragraph 1?

A.Efforts made in vain.

B.Getting injured in his work.

C.Feeling uncertain about his future.

D.Creatures forced out of their homes.

2.Why was the author called to Muttontown?

A.To rescue a woman.

B.To take care of a woman.

C.To look at a baby owl.

D.To cure a young owl.

3.What made the chick calm down?

A.A new nest. B.Some food.

C.A recording. D.Its parents.

4.How would the author feel about the outcome of the event?

A.It’s unexpected. B.It’s beautiful.

C.It’s humorous. D.It’s discouraging.

PART 2

A build-it-yourself solar still(蒸餾器) is one of the best ways to obtain drinking water in areas where the liquid is not readily available.Developed by two doctors in the U.S.Department of Agriculture,it’s an excellent water collector.Unfortunately,you must carry the necessary equipment with you,since it’s all but impossible to find natural substitutes.The only components required,though,are a 5'×5' sheet of clear or slightly milky plastic,six feet of plastic tube,and a container—perhaps just a drinking cup—to catch the water.These pieces can be folded into a neat little pack and fastened on your belt.

To construct a working still,use a sharp stick or rock to dig a hole four feet across and three feet deep.Try to make the hole in a damp area to increase the water catcher’s productivity.Place your cup in the deepest part of the hole.Then lay the tube in place so that one end rests all the way in the cup and the rest of the line runs up—and out—the side of the hole.

Next,cover the hole with the plastic sheet,securing the edges of the plastic with dirt and weighting the sheet’s center down with a rock.The plastic should now form a cone(圓錐體) with 45-degree-angled sides.The low point of the sheet must be centered directly over,and no more than three inches above,the cup.

The solar still works by creating a greenhouse under the plastic.Ground water evaporates (蒸發) and collects on the sheet until small drops of water form,run down the material,and fall off into the cup.When the container is full,you can suck the refreshment out through the tube,and won’t have to break down the still every time you need a drink.

1.What do we know about the solar still equipment from the first paragraph?

A.It’s delicate. B.It’s expensive.

C.It’s complex. D.It’s portable.

2.What does the underlined phrase “the water catcher” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A.The tube. B.The still.

C.The hole. D.The cup.

3.What is the last step of constructing a working solar still?

A.Dig a hole of a certain size.

B.Put the cup in place.

C.Weight the sheet’s center down.

D.Cover the hole with the plastic sheet.

4.When a solar still works,drops of water come into the cup from   .

A.the plastic tube B.outside the hole

C.the open air D.beneath the sheet

PART 1

【語篇導讀】本文介紹了作者在野生動物園當志愿者時的一次經歷。他幫助拯救了一只當時只有兩、三周大的貓頭鷹??忌綣倫約捍砉際員奔浜涂際允奔淶幕?,可以 免費預約短信提醒,屆時會以短信的方式提醒大家報名和考試時間。

1.What is unavoidable in the author’s rescue work according to paragraph 1?

A.Efforts made in vain.

B.Getting injured in his work.

C.Feeling uncertain about his future.

D.Creatures forced out of their homes.

答案 A

解析 推理判斷題。 從文章第一段的“Trying to help injured,displaced or sick creatures can be heartbreaking;survival is never certain.”可知,試圖幫助那些受傷的、流離失所的或生病的動物有時候是令人心碎的,因為無法保證它們一定會幸存下來。有時候,所有的救援都是徒勞的。

2.Why was the author called to Muttontown?

A.To rescue a woman.

B.To take care of a woman.

C.To look at a baby owl.

D.To cure a young owl.

答案 C

解析 細節理解題。從文章第二段的“I got a rescue call from a woman in Muttontown.She had found a young owl on the ground.”可知,作者到Muttontown去是為了拯救一只貓頭鷹雛鳥。

3.What made the chick calm down?

A.A new nest. B.Some food.

C.A recording. D.Its parents.

答案 A

解析 細節理解題。從文章第四段的“I put some pine branches into the basket to make this nest safe and comfortable.I placed the chick in the nest,and it quickly calmed down.”可知,作者把一些松樹枝放進籃子里,給這只貓頭鷹雛鳥做了一個既安全又舒適的鳥巢。有了這個新的鳥巢,這只貓頭鷹雛鳥很快就安靜下來了。

4.How would the author feel about the outcome of the event?

A.It’s unexpected. B.It’s beautiful.

C.It’s humorous. D.It’s discouraging.

答案 B

解析 推理判斷題。從文章最后一段可知,文章中這個故事的結局是美好的。鳥巢里的這只貓頭鷹雛鳥看起來健康又活潑。最偉大的一幕是,在鳥巢里陪伴它的還有一頓午餐。

【長難句分析】I gave the owner as much information as possible and headed home to see what news the night might bring.

我盡可能多地給主人一些信息,然后回家看看晚上可能會有什么消息。

本句中的gave和headed是句子的并列謂語,to see...是動詞不定式短語作目的狀語,what引導的是賓語從句。

PART 2

【語篇導讀】美國農業部的兩位博士研制出一種蒸餾器。在水資源短缺的區域,這是一種非常不錯的獲得飲用水的設備。

1.What do we know about the solar still equipment from the first paragraph?

A.It’s delicate. B.It’s expensive.

C.It’s complex. D.It’s portable.

答案 D

解析 推理判斷題。從文章第一段的“These pieces can be folded into a neat little pack and fastened on your belt.”可知,這種集水器設備攜帶起來很方便。人們可以把它折疊成一個小包并系在腰帶上。

2.What does the underlined phrase “the water catcher” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A.The tube. B.The still.

C.The hole. D.The cup.

答案 B

解析 詞義猜測題。從文章第二段的“To construct a working still...”和畫線詞后的productivity可推斷出畫線部分指的是the still。

3.What is the last step of constructing a working solar still?

A.Dig a hole of a certain size.

B.Put the cup in place.

C.Weight the sheet’s center down.

D.Cover the hole with the plastic sheet.

答案 C

解析 細節理解題。從文章第三段的“Next,cover the hole with the plastic sheet,securing the edges of the plastic with dirt and weighting the sheet’s center down with a rock.”可知,用塑料布把洞穴覆蓋,并把塑料布的邊緣用泥土弄牢。最后把一塊石頭壓在塑料布的中心。因此選C項。

4.When a solar still works,drops of water come into the cup from   .

A.the plastic tube B.outside the hole

C.the open air D.beneath the sheet

答案 D

解析 推理判斷題。從文章最后一段的“Ground water evaporates and collects on the sheet until small drops of water form,run down the material and fall off into the cup.”可知,這種蒸餾器的工作原理是創造一個溫室。地面的水向上蒸發并在塑料布上聚集形成小水滴,然后水滴順著塑料布流下來落到杯子里。

【長難句分析】When the container is full,you can suck the refreshment out through the tube,and won’t have to break down the still every time you need a drink.

當容器滿了的時候,你就可以通過管子把水吸出來,而不必每次喝水的時候都把蒸餾器拆開。

本句是個復合句。when引導的是時間狀語從句,and連接的是兩個并列句,every time是名詞性短語作連詞,引導時間狀語從句。

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